After Egypt , the American Secretary of State John Kerry is expected in Jerusalem, Wednesday, July 23, to try , again, to negotiate a halt to the bombing of Gaza and rocket attacks on Israeli soil. The mission will be difficult in a context of very degraded between Hamas and the relationship to Egypt.

Despite the attempt at mediation of Egypt and that of Qatar , the international press about the capacity to reach an agreement soon, especially since the media covered the silence of Europe .

The Egyptian plan blocked by the lack of dialogue with Hamas
In 2012, when “Operation Pillar defense “is a joint mediation of the United States and Egypt that led to a cease-fire between Israel and the Palestinian enclave. The stated objective today by the White House is ” back to the cease-fire signed in 2012, ” reports the Cairo newspaper Al-Ahram.

But on July 15, after a week of Israeli bombardment, Hamas, furious at not having been consulted ahead, rejected the Egyptian proposal for a cease-fire, yet accepted by the Israeli government.

According to the newspaper Daily News EgyptThe current impasse in the mediation of Cairo is largely due to the deterioration of relations between Egypt and Hamas. “For two years, the situation has changed,” the newspaper said tersely. In 2012, ” [Mohamed] Morsi, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, maintained close relations with the resistance movement in Gaza relations ” , which facilitated the negotiations, said the daily. But since the fall of former Egyptian president in July 2013, Egypt has intensified its blockade on Gaza and Hamas banned its territory. “The relationship between the Egyptian government and Hamas went from alliance to hostility, ” summarizes the Qatari channel Al-Jazeera . The Daily Telegraph also points out that “the cease-fire agreed to by Hamas in 2012, the terms of which provided for an easing of the blockade was not respected.”

In the absence of a relationship of trust, hard to bring Hamas to negotiate , according to The Economist , who believes that the opposite :

“The Israelis have every incentive to bring Hamas into the hands of Egypt, knowing that the new president, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, as much as they hate ” .

For the British weekly, “the current terms of the cease-fire proposed by Egypt match virtually surrender” of Gaza.

Yet the Israeli press still seems to believe in mediation of Cairo . Daily Haaretz believes that “Egypt still holds the keys to negotiating the cease-fire” . The British newspaper The Guardian , which emphasizes that “the Egyptian plan has broad support,” proves less confident: “Since the trading plan was proposed (…), Israeli troops have launched a bloody operation land. ”

Europe, conspicuously absent from negotiations
“With the acceleration of the bloodbath in Gaza (…), find a quick agreement is vital, ” wrote The Independent . But “the Secretary of State can not obtain a cease-fire alone, ” says the British newspaper.

Deutsche Welle regrets for his part that “European diplomats travel in the region without having any real influence on the conflict ” . Concerned, the European Union , which “as a whole has always tried to keep as neutral as possible official position ” , which prevents it from acting . The situation is the same for The Economist, which notes that:

“The fact that the EU refuses any contact with Hamas, considered a terrorist organization, prevents him from taking part in the mediation. ” For The Independent , the European silence is worse: “We should not Israel has the illusion that its shares receive massive support from the international community ” .

“Qatar is a strategic actor”
In the absence of interlocutors, Hamas hopes turn to possible mediation of Qatar, which gathered the weekend of July 19 and 20 various actors in the conflict to discuss a cease-fire. According to Al Jazeera, the small Gulf state “can serve as a communication channel between Hamas and the international community “.

Al-Jazeera is not the only one to see Doha in mediating a possible solution to the cessation of hostilities. “Western diplomatic sources see in Qatar a strategic player to reach a cease-fire effective as rich Gulf state has hosted a large number of exiled Islamists (…), including Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal, ” says the Israeli daily Yediot Aharonot . Sunday, the latter are met Mahmoud Abbas, the president of the Palestinian Authority. Despite their differences, they called together the “end of the aggression against Gaza and the lifting of the blockade in place since 2006.”

For several days calls asking the flexibility of the government of Israel emanating from the Israeli press. Editorialists of Haaretz call, without really believing , the cease-fire.

“The violent confrontation between Israel and Gaza has not started two weeks ago and it will not end next week , wrote one of them . It is part of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which is solved not by the discovery of tunnels and massive killing of civilians. (…) Israel must help mediators, especially Egypt, to find a solution and do not hesitate to ease restrictions for help Gazans. “

Given the intensification of raids on the Gaza Strip , the prospect of a cease-fire has never seemed so far away.