The electronic cigarette, promising to help smokers to quit, could create the nicotine addiction in adolescents, health officials fear.
If ” cigarettes Electronic great promise as a tool to help smokers who fail to quit smoking, “according to Wilson Compton, Deputy Director of the US National Institute of Drug Abuse, they may create addiction nicotine among adolescents, health officials fear. “These cigarettes smokers reproduce certain actions which may be useful to quit smoking tobacco , “said Wilson Compton during a presentation with other health officials, including British, at the conference of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) meeting in San Jose, California this week.

The latest research conducted by an independent entity, the Cochrane Collaboration, the results were published in December, concluded that electronic cigarettes have an important role to play in helping smokers to reduce their smoking or quit smoking . Cochrane conducted two studies with 662 smokers showed that about 9% of those who used electronic cigarettes were able to stop smoking for at least a year, but only 4% of those who received placebo electronic cigarettes without nicotine. Among smokers not being able to quit smoking, 36% of those who had given electronic cigarettes reduced their half of tobacco consumption against 28% in the control group. “There probably has public health benefits of electronic cigarettes if they offer a way for smokers not to use tobacco,” said Roy Harrison, professor of environmental health at the University of Birmingham. “Less harmful”

“And there is evidence that this is the case,” he added stressing that “there is little doubt that electronic cigarettes are less harmful to the smoker.” But, said Dr. Harrison, “If teens who had never smoked tobacco start using electronic cigarettes, it is deeply disturbing because they deliberately exposed to nicotine, a substance causing a powerful addiction.” This concern is shared by Wilson Compton including a recent annual survey in the United States, covering more than 40,000 students, showed that 8.7% of those age 14 had smoked electronic cigarettes in the previous month.

The proportion was 16.2% and 17.1% among 16 and 18 years respectively. Compared 4% of 14 years, 7% of 16 and 14% among the 18, had smoked cigarettes. “This is worrying because it may be the only way to sample new and nicotine paving the way for addiction and smoking,” he has said.

Last summer, a report of the American Control Centers for Disease Prevention (CDC) reported that the use of the electronic cigarette among young non-smokers has tripled from 2011 to 2013. “Not only nicotine is very addictive but it can affect brain development in adolescents, “then warned the CDC. The US Agency for Medicines (FDA) proposed in April 2014 to regulate electronic cigarettes by banning particular their sale to minors and requiring manufacturers a marketing authorization. This is the first regulatory framework on these cigarettes in the United States, a market of nearly two billion.

Deborah Arnott, head of “Action on Smoking and Health (Ash),” a British anti-smoking organization, “nicotine can actually be detrimental to the adolescent brain and it is best that they avoid electronic cigarettes “. But “if adoldescents really want to try smoking it is better that they use electronic cigarettes much safer and less addictive than tobacco” she added Friday to the AAAS. “So far in the UK and the US smoking rates decline faster than the use of electronic cigarettes which would not be the case if they were really an incentive to smoke tobacco,” he will -she said.