The Egypt and Qatar displayed their disagreements on Thursday after Egyptian strikes against the Islamic state group (EI) in Libya , where jihadist organization has strengthened its influence by taking the University of Sirte.

After the beheading of 21 Christians, mostly Egyptians, claimed Sunday by the Libyan branch of EI, Egypt Tuesday jihadists bombed positions in Libya and called for an international military intervention in that country in chaos and controlled by rival militias.

Qatar has criticized a “unilateral military action” of Egypt who acted without consulting its partners in the Arab League. The Egyptian delegate to the League responded by accusing Doha supporting “terrorism”.

In protest, Qatar immediately withdrew its ambassador in Cairo. And the five other Gulf monarchies -Arabie Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Oman, Bahreïn- rows were at his side face the charges “baseless” in Cairo, according to the GCC Secretary General Abdellatif al-Zayani.

But in the evening, it reconsidered this support in Qatar and said other oil monarchies supported Egypt and its president.

Most of these monarchies had nevertheless supported the former head of the Egyptian army and now chief of Abdel Fattah al-Sissi after the dismissal in 2013 of President Mohamed Morsi, from the Muslim Brotherhood, and accused the Qatar support this brotherhood classified as “terrorist” in Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

Putting an end to months of tensions between the two countries, Qatar in December was finally brought its support to Mr. Sissi.

– No international consensus –

The new dispute with Qatar illustrates the lack of international consensus on Libya, most countries do not favor the military option.

To the Security Council on Wednesday, Libyan Foreign Minister Mohammed al-Dairi has asked the United Nations to lift the arms embargo imposed on his country to “help” the army “to build capacity” so that it difficult to fight against the militias.

His Egyptian counterpart Sameh Shoukry supported this request, indicating that the draft resolution provided for a “lifting of restrictions” on the only weapons to the government recognized by the international community.

Several Council members, including Russia, are reluctant to lift the embargo imposed since 2011, citing the risk of weapons falling into the wrong hands.

Washington, Paris and London have them declared their preference for a political solution.

The UN representative in Libya Bernardino Leon said “hope that a political agreement can be reached soon” in Libya, a hope shared by Tunisia and Algeria.

Fighters Islamist militia Fajr Libya, February 4, 2015 in al-Aqrabiyah, west of Tripoli Mahmud Turkia © AFP
Libya is fragmented and under the control of rival militias. Both governments are competing for power: one near the Fajr Libya militia, and one recognized by the international community, serving in the country. Fajr Libya Tripoli control most of Libya’s west.

The main stronghold of the Libyan branch of EI is in Derna, 1,300 km east of Tripoli. The Sunni extremist group responsible for atrocities -viols, kidnappings, décapitations- also raging in Iraq, Syria, where he conquered vast areas, and Egypt.