The Greeks defied Europe by voting overwhelmingly no


Greeks defied Europe Sunday by voting overwhelmingly in favor of the “no” to the proposals of the international creditors of Athens in a referendum whose result raises the question of keeping the country in the euro area and accentuates the gap with “institutions”.

According to final results provided by the Greek Ministry of Interior, the “no” wins with 61.31% against the “yes” credited with 38.69%. According to a survey released by the TV station Antenna TV, 67% of the ballots “no” were dragged by youth tranche 18-34.

All electoral districts voted overwhelmingly in favor of the “no” without exception. This surprisingly clear victory foiled recent polls which predicted a much closer result.

Thousands of Athenians, waving flags, gathered in Syntagma Square outside parliament, in the center of the capital to celebrate a rejection of European proposals which the Greek Minister of Finance Yanis Varoufakis had linked his fate.

“I’m out of work for almost four years and I thought you had to be patient,” he testified in his hand a voter 43, Deligainni Eleni, who said they voted “no.” “But I’ve had enough hardship and unemployment.”

“You did a very brave choice,” said Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras in a televised address. “The mandate you have entrusted to me is not a rupture with Europe mandate but a mandate which strengthens our negotiating position to seek a viable solution.”

The head of government met in the evening Prokopis Pavlopoulos president and asked him to convene a meeting of leaders of different political parties to form “a strong national front” in the coming negotiations.

This result opens a new period of uncertainty in Greece after a week marked by the closure of banks, and limiting the amount of cash withdrawals, to prevent a collapse of the Greek financial system.

The euro fell sharply in early trade in Asia. Around 9:40 p.m. GMT, the euro fell 1.21% against the US dollar at 1.0979 dollar and 1.72% against the Japanese currency to 134.05 yen.

Chancellor Angela Merkel and Francois Hollande, who will be in Paris on Monday night to discuss Greece, held talks on the phone Sunday night and advocated the holding of a summit of the euro area.The summit, as confirmed shortly after the European Council President Donald Tusk, will be held Tuesday evening.

Exasperation IN GERMANY

The finance ministers of the Eurozone will meet earlier on Tuesday to prepare for the summit, said Jeroen Dijsselbloem, President of the Eurogroup.

“For the recovery of the Greek economy, tough measures and reforms are inevitable,” he said in a statement. “We now expect the initiatives of the Greek authorities. The Eurogroup will discuss the state of play Tuesday, July 7.”

By then, Monday morning, Donald Tusk will meet with President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Central Bank (ECB) Mario Draghi, and Jeroen Dijsselbloem.

Many of the reactions to the Greek referendum came from Germany, where the ruling class did not hide his exasperation. If Chancellor Merkel remained silent, his economy minister, Social Democrat Sigmar Gabriel, judged now difficult to start negotiations on a new aid plan in Athens.

Considering that the Greek Prime Minister cornered his fellow citizens to despair, Sigmar Gabriel, also vice-chancellor, said Alexis Tsipras had cut the last bridges by which a compromise with Europe could be found.

As the vice president of the conservative CDU-CSU group in the Bundestag, Michael Fuchs, he felt that Alexis Tsipras had caused a “disaster” and that he was now “pick up the pieces.”

Among the representatives of German business, Anton Börner, head of the employers’ federation BGA, which includes exporting companies, held a “Grexit” inevitable. Georg Fahrenschon, president of the Association of Savings Banks, said he was on the same wavelength.

Luxembourg Prime Minister Xavier Bettel, whose country holds since July 1, the rotating presidency of the European Union, said he meanwhile optimistic about the possibility of finding a solution to the Greek crisis.

In France, neither the President of the Republic nor the Government commented on the Greek situation Sunday night. The extreme right and part of the left, by contrast welcomed the victory of the “no” in the referendum in Greece, some seeing it as a new reason to leave the euro, other leverage to Tsipras that the government obtain gain event.

The founder of the Left Party, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, slayer of Germany and Angela Merkel in particular, welcomed a result that should allow, in his view, to Greece to obtain a more adequate help from Europe.