The UN and the EU welcomed a first step towards peace in Libya


The UN and the EU welcomed the signing of a “peace” in Libya despite the absence of the government of Tripoli, one of the two rival parties. The path to reconciliation still looks long and hard in this country in chaos.

The UN and the Europeans hailed Sunday, July 12 signed an agreement “peace” in Libya . However the path to reconciliation will be even “long and difficult” in this highly divided country, only one of Libya rival governments that signed the agreement.

In chaos since the fall of the Gaddafi regime, Libya has two parliaments – and two governments – who are vying for power, one based in Tripoli and one in Tobruk (east), the latter being the only recognized by the international community.

Despite the absence of representatives of the Parliament of Tripoli , the Libyan parties initialed Saturday night in Skhirat in Morocco a crisis agreement after several months of negotiations under the auspices of the UN. This agreement “peace and reconciliation” provides for the formation of a national unity government and holding new elections.

Secretary General Ban Ki-moon is now waiting “impatiently for the early conclusion of a comprehensive agreement,” said Sunday his spokesman in a statement. The European Union (EU) also hailed “an important step” and said she was “ready to support a national unity government if it will be formed,” said the head of the EU diplomacy Federica Mogherini.

The absence of the government of Tripoli

Representatives of the Parliament of Tripoli, a key player in the conflict that ravaged the country for more than a year, were notably absent from this signature, which did not prevent the UN envoy for Libya, Bernardino Leon greet “an important step in the path of peace.”

“These agreements draw principles: institutions and mechanisms of decision making to complete the transition, until the adoption of a new constitution,” Mr. Leon said at the initialling ceremony in the presence representatives of the Parliament of Tobruk, representatives of municipalities, political parties and members of the Libyan civil society.

He also stressed that the door remained “open” for “those who were not present”, adding that the remaining contentious issues could be discussed after the end of Ramadan.

Among these differences is the wish of the members of the Tripoli Parliament that included “respect for the judiciary” in the agreements, a possible reference to the Supreme Court had decided in November 2014 to invalidate the Parliament based in the east.

In a letter sent Saturday to the UN envoy, the National General Congress (CGN), Parliament of Tripoli, said he was ready to send a delegation to Morocco, whose goal is to “introduce changes” desired by Tripoli.